Which leadership style should leaders bring up to make success? What is the most successful approach to managing the work of team members? These are perhaps the questions that come in peoples’ minds when someone talks about leadership.
“Management is a set of steps that keep a team active. They make it work today – they make it hit this quarter’s numbers. The steps are about planning, set an estimate of income and expenditure for a period of time, organising employees, specifying jobs, measuring performance, and sorting issues when results did not go to plan.”(Ingram, 2015)
Leadership is very different. It is about arranging people to the vision that means proper communication, reasons for performing and being stimulated (Ratcliffe, 2013).
Management is getting people to do what is supposed to be completed. Leadership is getting people that want to do what is needed to be accomplished. Managers authorize while leaders pass on ideas. (Bennis, 2011)
Sometimes the differences exist but the duties extend over to cover partly as follows:-
Managers and leaders both motivate employees.
They both monitor the employees’ performance in a team.
Transactional leadership is termed as setting clear opinions for the team members and advantageously use of rewards to support cooperation with these objectives (BusinessDictionary.com 2015).
Transformational Leadership gives moral and gives quality to team members. (Cherry 2015).
People-oriented leaders are so much into organizing, supporting and developing team members. This style of leadership produce good teamwork and creative action of working as a team. Equity is done through Leaders treating team members and this causes members to be happier and more productive. (Vella, 2013)
Laissez-faire leadership style is where the manger observes group members whether they are working well or not so that they can be assisted in one way or the other. A manager allows employees to practice their freedom of action i.e.. ‘to do as they think best’. Manager believes not to interrupt and is always available if asked for any kind of assistance. (Pallav, 2015)
Action-centred leadership this simple and practical model which is based on three extending over the circles. These are; the individual, task and the team (Webmaster).
The model may be found a little bit hard for team leaders to use in their teams probably because it is the necessary forming model that gives details on what leaders should practically do
According to John Adair (2012) action centred leadership is better than the rest because it minds much about the growth of the team, how to achieve the task and developing employees. A pure balance between all these needs is what is required so as to achieve the maximum target for the team. As it’s a true saying, unpleased team member can never do any task that is worth. (John, 2012)
Due to John(2012) statement, I disagree to the view suggested by the CMI 2013.Since in an organisation no matter what happens, team growth ,individual development and how to achieve the task have to be considered not only individuals because every organisation has its own targets.
Finally to my own point of view action centred leadership style is better for you to follow in your team since it focuses on all the three aspects in a team that is;team members,team itself and individuals.Below are some of the steps a leader should take to adapt action centred leadership style and reasons why you should ;-
- In order to produce better results, every team should note that motivation is a very important leadership skill because when employees aren’t motivated, they work for their own targets not the team’s targets and this may affect the team in a long run
- .Producing better results, team leaders should outline the team’s mission.
- Creation of the time deadline should be complied to achieve the given task because that helps in time management skill.
- Supervising the employees’ performance either weekly or monthly in order to know where to improve or maintain accordingly.
- Leaders should consider employees decisions accordingly because sometimes employees are customers at the same time in an organisation
Business Dictionary (2015) What Is Transactional Leadership? Definition and Meaning (online) available <http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/transactional-leadership.html>( 4. March 2016)
Beenis (2011) Leadership and management differences/similarities (online) available http://www.petebrookshaw.com/2011/07/leadership-and-management.html#.Vt8irkKLQ_M<(8.March.2016)>
Cherry, K. (2015) How Do Transformational Leaders Inspire? (Online) available http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm><(4. March 2015)>
Adair (2012) Adairs three circles (online) available <http://www.chimaeraconsulting.com/adair.htm><( 4.March 2012)>
Ratcliffe (2013) what is the difference between management and leadership (online) available http://www.theguardian.com/careers/difference-between-leadership-management < (6.March.2016)>
Vella (2013) which leadership styles are more effective (online)http://smallbizclub.com/leadership/people-skills/which-leadership-styles-are-most-effective/<(6.March.2016)>
Pallav (2015) most leadership and management styles (online) https://pallavi07culc.wordpress.com/2015/06/08/most-effective-leadership-management-styles-approaches/<(6.March.2016)>
Webmaster (2012) Action centred leadership (online)http://www.youracp.org/john-adairs-action-centred-leadership/<(6.March.2016)>
Ingram (2015) Transformational vs transactional leadership (online) available http://smallbusiness.chron.com/transformational-leadership-vs-transactional-leadership-definition-13834.html<(8.March.2016)>